Republic of Haiti is one of the poorest countries in South America. It got independence in 1804 and became the first Caribbean independent state. One of the reasons behind poverty was instability and violence lasted for decades. Another reason is distribution of wealth is unequal where as five percent population controls most of the wealth and resources. An elected and democratic government started functioning in 2006. Haiti experienced a massive earthquake in 2010 with the loss of more than 300,000 lives and leaving people homeless. Area is 10,714 SQ.MI with population 9,036,000. Some famous industries textile, flour milling, cement, sugar, rice and wood etc.